"Peggy Sue" is a rock and roll song written by Buddy Holly, Jerry Allison, and Norman Petty, and originally performed, recorded and released as a single by Buddy Holly in early July of1957. The Crickets are not mentioned on the single (Coral 9-61885) but both Joe B. Mauldin (string bass) and Jerry Allison (drums) are known to be featured on the recording. The song was also released on Buddy Holly's self-titled 1958 album. The song is ranked #194 on the Rolling Stone magazine's 2004 list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.
The song was originally called "Cindy Lou", and was named for Buddy's niece, the daughter of his sister Pat Holley Kaiter. The title was later changed to "Peggy Sue" in reference to Crickets drummer Jerry Allison's girlfriend (and future wife), Peggy Sue Gerron, with whom he had recently had a temporary breakup.
Appropriately, Allison played a prominent role in the production of the song, playing paradiddles on the drums throughout the song, the drums' sound rhythmically fading in and out as a result of real-time engineering techniques by the producer, Norm Petty. Many music critics regard this as Holly's all-time best recording.
Initially only Allison and Petty were listed as the song's authors. At Allison's insistence, Holly was credited as a co-writer after his death.
In 1999, National Public Radio (NPR) included "Peggy Sue" on the NPR 100, a list of "The 100 most important American musical works of the 20th century".
Sequel[edit source | edit]Edit
Holly wrote a poignant sequel called "Peggy Sue Got Married", and recorded a demo or practice version in his New York City apartment on December 5, 1958, accompanied only by himself on guitar. The tape was discovered after his death, and was "enhanced" for commercial release, by adding background vocals and an electric guitar track that drowned out Holly's own playing (and almost his voice as well). The rarely heard original version was released on a vinyl collection called "The Complete Buddy Holly", and was later used over the opening credits of the 1986 Kathleen Turner film Peggy Sue Got Married. After Holly's death The Crickets would also release their own cover single in 1960. They followed the original Peggy Sue arrangements with the only difference being David Box, a Buddy Holly soundalike, singing as the lead vocalist.
The Beach Boys version[edit source | edit]Edit
|Single by The Beach Boys|
|from the album M.I.U. Album|
|B-side||"Hey Little Tomboy"|
|Released||Auguest 28, 1978|
|Recorded||April 15, 1976|
|Genre||Rock and roll|
|Producer||The Beach Boys|
|The Beach Boys singles chronology|
In 1978 the American rock band the Beach Boys recorded a cover of "Peggy Sue" for their M.I.U. Album. Originally recorded on April 15, 1976, for potential inclusion on the 15 Big Onesalbum, the Brian Wilson production was not selected for the final album. In 1978, Al Jardine revisited this recording, tweaking it to better fit with the production styling of the M.I.U. Album. Sung by Al Jardine, the song was also a hit for them, charting at number 59 in the United States when released as a single. The original version of the song has yet to see release.
Legacy[edit source | edit]Edit
- In his song "Old", Paul Simon indicates his age by singing "First time I heard Peggy Sue/I was 12 years old./Russians up in rocket ships /and the war was Cold."
- Julian Cope's 1991 album was called Peggy Suicide.
- In an episode of Quantum Leap ("How the Tess was won"), young Buddy Holly, working as a Texas farm boy, invents the song as a homage to a piglet, calling it Piggy Sooey (a reference to hog calling). Sam Beckett suggests he calls it Peggy Sue instead and, after hearing this, he realizes that the teen, who he named "buddy", was in fact Buddy Holly.
- In blink-182's album Cheshire Cat, one of the songs is named "Peggy Sue". The song is also featured on a live album entitled "The Mark, Tom, and Travis Show: The Enema Strikes Back".
- In Myslovitz's album Miłość w czasach popkultury, one of the songs is named "Peggy Sue nie wyszła za mąż" (Peggy Sue did not get married).
- In Almost Famous, the lead guitarist of the fictional band Stillwater, Russell Hammond, begins to sing this song as the plane he and his bandmates are flying in encounters severe turbulence, a reference to Buddy Holly's own death in a plane crash.
- In 2004, the Norwegian band Trashcan Darlings released "Peggy Sue is Dead" on the "Tunes From The Trashcan EP".
- In Quentin Tarantino's Pulp Fiction, the waiter Buddy Holly is calling Mia Wallace as Peggy Sue, when taking her order in Jack Rabbit Slim's, a 1950s-themed restaurant staffed by lookalikes of the decade's pop icons.
- In the alternate history novel Back in the USSA, Peggy Sue is the name of a girl the young Holly knows and is attracted to.
- In the Wild Cards novels (another alternate history series), the song retains its original name, "Cindy Lou". In the fifth Wild Cards novel, Down and Dirty, it is explained that in this version of history, Jerry Allison's breakup with Peggy Sue Gerron was permanent, and thus the song's name was never changed.
- The song is also referenced in a New Zealand children's songwriter named the Minstrel's song; "From Rock, to Roll to Rocket", in the line "Buddy Holly sang Peggy Sue".
- The song is featured in the 2003 film Evil.
- The song is also referenced to in the 2011 song "Man Down" by Rihanna.
Other notable recordings[edit source | edit]Edit
- Victor Wood
- Bobby Darin mentioned "Peggy Sue" in his songs "Splish Splash" and "Queen Of The Hop".
- Frankie Avalon mentioned "Peggy Sue" in his 1958 song "De De Dinah."
- Ritchie Valens mentioned "Peggy Sue" in his song "Ooh! My Head."
- Country singer Billy "Crash" Craddock recorded the song in 1973 for his album Mr. Country Rock.
- Hank Marvin did an instrumental of the song in 1996 on the album Hank Plays Holly.
- Cobra Starship have recently contributed a cover version for their tribute album Listen to Me: Buddy Holly, released in Sept 2011.